Capacidades de absorción de PyMES y derramas de conocimiento de empresas grandes. Análisis de un sector tradicional localizado en Querétaro

Claudia De Fuentes

Resumen


El principal objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la relación existente entre derramas de conocimiento de empresas grandes (EG) y las capacidades de absorción de las pequeñas y medianas empresas (PyMES). Se analiza el sector de PyMES de maquinados industriales localizados en Querétaro, proveedores de EG, tanto nacionales como transnacionales pertenecientes a los sectores automotriz y de electrodomésticos. A partir del empleo de una metodología que combina encuestas y estudios de caso, fue posible construir indicadores directos para las derramas de conocimiento y las capacidades de absorción. Posteriormente se realizó un análisis estructural sobre la relación existente entre estos dos conceptos. Se ha identificado que dentro del sector y localidad analizados uno de los principales mecanismos de derramas de conocimiento está relacionado con los vínculos de proveeduría. En cuanto a las capacidades de absorción se ha identificado que los factores que más influyen están relacionados con las capacidades organizacionales y con las actividades de innovación y aprendizaje de las PyMES. El hallazgo más importante es la identificación de una relación positiva entre las derramas de conocimiento de las empresas grandes y las capacidades de absorción de las PyMES.

Palabras clave


Pobreza; Desigualdad; Convergencia; Divergencia; Marginación; Enfoque regional

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Referencias


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