Diferencias de los mecanismos de derramas de conocimiento en dos localidades mexicanas

Claudia De Fuentes, Gabriela Dutrénit

Resumen


Desde diferentes cuerpos de literatura varios trabajos han analizado los mecanismos de derramas de conocimiento provenientes de empresas transnacionales (ETN) a empresas locales. De cualquier manera, algunos de ellos no han analizado a detalle las diferencias existentes entre sector y localidad, ni han comparado los patrones específicos de mecanismos de derramas de conocimiento en dos localidades diferentes. Lo anterior puede ser explicado por la dificultad de obtener bases de datos para comparar el mismo fenómeno en dos localidades diferentes. El objetivo de este documento es identificar los mecanismos de derramas de conocimiento dentro del mismo sector en dos localidades diferentes. Particularmente analizamos el caso del sector de maquinados industriales localizado en Querétaro y Ciudad Juárez. Para identificar las variables que pueden explicar los mecanismos de derramas de conocimiento desarrollamos un análisis multivariado por la técnica de factores principales. Para identificar los mecanismos más importantes y explorar su importancia en cada una de las localidades, construimos un análisis de ecuaciones estructurales. Este documento sustenta que existen diferentes patrones de mecanismos de derramas de conocimiento en las localidades analizadas. El tipo de arreglo productivo, las características de las PyMES y algunas características específicas del contexto pueden ayudar a explicar las diferencias encontradas.

Palabras clave


derramas de conocimiento; vínculos de proveeduría; movilidad del capital humano

Texto completo:

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Referencias


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